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Core shopper costs in Tokyo, that are thought of a number one indicator of Japanese value developments, rose 1.9% in April year-on-year, marking the quickest annual tempo in seven years. This was as introduced by the Ministry of Internal Affairs on Might sixth.

The rise in inflation was pushed principally by rising vitality prices and the waning impact of cellphone fee cuts. “Core” shopper costs exclude the worth of recent meals. If each recent meals and vitality prices are excluded, inflation in April got here in at 0.8%.

On this put up, we have a look behind the headline numbers and drill down on the primary classes which might be used to calculate the patron value index (CPI). The CPI is comprised of ten fundamental elements:

  1. Meals
  2. Housing
  3. Utilities (Electrical energy, gasoline, water)
  4. Furnishings and Home cleansing items
  5. Clothes and footwear
  6. Healthcare
  7. Transportation and communications
  8. Schooling
  9. Tradition and leisure
  10. Miscellaneous bills

Every class is weighted to calculate the general CPI, with the highest three, housing (27.6%), meals (25.3%), and transportation and communications (10.1%) making up about 63% of the whole.

Right here is the breakdown of the inflation numbers by the ten fundamental elements:

Let’s drill down just a little on the primary classes.


General meals costs in April rose 0.7% versus March and 4.3% versus April 2021.

Contemporary meals costs rose 15.6% year-on-year, primarily as a result of rise in costs of recent fruit, greens, and seafood.

The price of consuming out solely rose 1.5% in comparison with final April and the price of liquor fell 0.5% year-on-year, the one element of the meals class that decreased.


Tokyo housing costs rose 0.5% year-on-year in April and stayed flat in comparison with March. This was a comparatively small improve in comparison with the rise in meals costs.

Within the desk under, “imputed hire” is the rental value a house owner would pay for a housing unit equal to the one they personal.

Nevertheless, it’s vital to notice that common gross sales costs for each newly constructed and pre-existing houses within the higher Tokyo are at document highs. For extra on this, please see: Average sales price of a newly built apartment in Tokyo hits record high in 2021. For extra on forecast value developments, please see: Tokyo apartment market forecast 2022

For extra on common hire, please see Tokyo average rent and Japan average rent by prefecture

Transportation and Communication

Transportation and Communication was one of many fundamental classes the place costs fell year-on-year. The opposite was clothes.

Falling costs on this class have been brought on by across-the-board cuts to cell phone carrying expenses, however this impact will begin to have a lot much less of an impact on the class as year-on-year charges fall to match the earlier 12 months’s value decreases.


Rising vitality costs have been been a mainstay of the information because the begin of the conflict in Ukraine and each sub-category on this CPI element rose by double digit percentages, besides water and sewage.

Utility costs total rose 19.5% year-on-year in April however within the CPI calculation utilities are solely weighted at 5.6% of the whole CPI.

Supply: Tokyo April 2022 CPI, Ministry of Inner Affairs and Communications (PDF in Japanese)

Lead picture: Tokyo, Japan – April 21, 2014: Sushi packing containers in grocery store in Tokyo through iStock 469431786 Credit:BLUEXHAND

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