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Karkkadakam, the final month of the Malayalam calendar (July-August) when rains lash Kerala, has been rebranded because the season of wellness and rejuvenation. It’s promoted because the interval finest suited to sukhachikitsa or rejuvenation remedy as per Ayurveda custom to develop immunity and keep wholesome. Not simply people, even jumbos endure sukhachikitsa throughout this time.

However have you learnt that it’s the proper time to offer sukhachikitsa to crops as effectively? “It solely signifies that they need to be pruned and nourished with vitamins throughout this era. Pruning is critical for crops and most fruit-bearing bushes for his or her wholesome progress and higher yield. Now we have to do it as soon as the monsoon turns into sturdy,” says T Pradeep Kumar, professor and head, Division of Vegetable Science, and director of planning, Kerala Agricultural College. His division has been doing it yearly for the crops grown on the campus, particularly curry leaf and drumstick.

Pruned curry leaf plants on the campus of Department of Vegetable Science, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur

Pruned curry leaf crops on the campus of Division of Vegetable Science, Kerala Agricultural College, Thrissur
| Photograph Credit score: SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

Curry leaf crops are grown on the median alongside the street resulting in the division and contained in the campus. “Earlier, there was once bougainvillaea. However in 2015, we changed them with curry leaf,” Pradeep says. The present batch of crops have been pruned a number of weeks in the past.

“Pruning entails slicing the branches in order that the plant is one metre excessive from the bottom stage. As well as, the realm across the root of the plant (basin) is dug up and contemporary cow dung is utilized. This leads to bushy progress with loads of leaves,” he says.

Normally the cuttings are dumped in a compost pit on the campus. However this 12 months they have been collected by the Vaidyaratnam Ayurvedic pharmaceutical group. “This can be a first for us. The cuttings and leaves are used within the preparation of varied Ayurvedic medicines. The moisture content material from the cuttings was eliminated utilizing a dehumidifier earlier than we handed them over,” he says.

Pradeep observes that pruning of curry leaf crops not often occurs in homesteads. “We don’t hassle to do it and thus the crops develop tall to develop into bushes after which it turns into troublesome to pluck the leaves,” he provides.

T Pradeep Kumar with a pruned drumstick plant from which new shoots are emerging

T Pradeep Kumar with a pruned drumstick plant from which new shoots are rising
| Photograph Credit score: SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

Within the case of the drumstick, they’re pruned to table-top top and natural manure is utilized. “This preserve the moisture which helps within the initiation of latest roots, and in flip, to the sprouting of latest shoots. We re-plant the cuttings for propagation,” he says. If they don’t seem to be pruned, the crops develop tall with a number of branches and few leaves. Since flowering occurs close to the branches, harvesting turns into troublesome.

For higher yield

Aside from papaya, pruning is suggested for a lot of the fruit-bearing bushes. Based on Dr Sarada S, assistant professor and head, Division of Vegetable Science, School of Agriculture at Vellayani in Thiruvananthapuram, pruning is helpful for perennial varieties, particularly fruit-bearing bushes comparable to mango, guava and pomegranate. “Pruning stimulates the formation of stems, leaves and roots earlier than the plant develops flowers, fruits and seeds. Within the case of mango, particularly grafted varieties, pruning helps in vigorous progress,” she says. She factors out that pruning ensures a greater yield for these farmers rising drumstick crops for harvesting leaves. Additionally, because the crops should not allowed to develop tall, they’ll domesticate extra crops within the accessible space.

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